CREATe is the RCUK centre for copyright and new business models in the creative economy. With an ambitious programme of 40 projects delivered by an interdisciplinary team of academics (law, economics, management, computer science, sociology, psychology, ethnography and critical studies), CREATe is a pioneering academic initiative designed to help the UK cultural and creative industries thrive and become innovation leaders within the global digital economy.
CREATe will participate in the AHRC’s Creative Economy Showcase Event on March 12th 2014 with a demonstration stand and breakout session.
The exhibition stand will include an interactive installation of the Copyright User Portal, a multimedia education resource aimed at helping media workers and creators understand copyright. A joint collaboration between CREATe and Bournemouth University, the Copyright User Portal consists of videos, interactive tools, subject resources, and FAQs. The resources are meant for everyone who uses copyright: musicians, filmmakers, performers, writers, visual artists and interactive developers. Our goal is to inform creators about how to protect their work, how to license and exploit it, and how to legally re-use the work of others.
The breakout session will explore the experiences of Supporting Creative Business: Cultural Enterprise Office and its Clients, a one-year Creative Economy Knowledge Exchange project, which began in April 2013. It is focused on the Cultural Enterprise Office (CEO), a small support agency, focused on cultural micro-businesses, based in Glasgow but with a wider Scottish remit. CEO is partly funded by the Scottish Government through Creative Scotland and is engaged in offering advice and information and running events, as well as tailored programmes, for creatives. An overview of the project will be followed by a discussion with Deborah Keogh, the Cultural Enterprise Office’s Director.
CREATe has issued its response to the Public Consultation on the Review of the EU Copyright Rules. Authors Martin Kretschmer, Ronan Deazley, Lilian Edwards, Kristofer Erickson, Burkhard Schafer and Daniel John Zizzo sought to make two contributions: (1) the process of policy formation matters for the evolution of the EU legal framework, and so a short critique of the consultation format is offered; (2) a summary of available evidence in seven thematic areas where CREATe has developed, or is developing research (term of protection, libraries and archives, disabilities, text and data mining, user-generated content, fair remuneration for authors and performers, and respect for rights). CREATe understands evidence here as empirically grounded, but open to historical and comparative approaches.
Post By Ms. Megan Rae Blakely (PhD Candidate, University of Glasgow) and Dr Sukhpreet Singh (R&D Manager, CREATe)
Fair Use Logo by Odinn 2007 CC-BY-SA
The Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) recently published a report that engages with the suitability of ‘fair use’ copyright exceptions in Australian law. Based upon more than 18 months of work and over 1,000 submissions and consultations with stakeholders, the report strongly recommends a more flexible and adaptive copyright framework for Australia. Any copyright flexibility legislation must still comply with the minimum rights laid out in the Berne Convention. The Berne Convention provides a three-step test to determine if a statutory reform is compliant; all member states must confine their limitations and exceptions to exclusive rights to 1) certain special cases which 2) do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work and 3) do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the right holder.
Post by Liz Dowthwaite (Doctoral Researcher at CREATe & Horizon, University of Nottingham)
Figure 1 Internet culture as portrayed by the webcomic ‘Nedroid’ on Tumblr 
Webcomics are comics that an independent creator posts on the Internet for free . There are thousands on the Internet at any one time. Some artists are able to support themselves full-time through their comics, and many make at least some form of income. The importance of the relationship between creators and readers in comics has been recognized and talked about for many years , with webcomics able to embrace Web 2.0 technologies for this purpose: “One of the greatest things about Webcomics is the immediacy, frequency and intensity of your interactions with readers. You can talk to them, and they can talk back” (p.104) . Artists develop meaningful relationships with readers over time, forming extremely dedicated communities that are willing to spend time and money supporting them [1,4,5,7,8,9]. Alongside these critical relationships, artists must also manage the use of their work online, ensuring that their rights are maintained. We all know that illegal hosting of content is a massive problem on the internet, and whilst most creators accept that this is somewhat inevitable, webcomics communities have been known to take to the social networks in great numbers to protest when work is copied or re-posted without attribution. My PhD is concerned with how creators use social media sites to build these communities in order to support themselves, both in terms of their rights and in the sense of making money, and my research so far shows that they do make extensive use of sites such as Twitter, Facebook and Tumblr. The example of such a niche group as ‘webcomics’, who have been extremely successful and are only going from strength to strength, may be used to aid other groups and individuals who more and more are turning to the Internet to help them succeed in the creative industries.
The fourteenth release in CREATe’s Working Paper Series is now available for download. Archives and Copyright: Developing an Agenda for Reform edited by Ronan Deazley and Victoria Stobo documents a Symposium of the same name held at the Wellcome Trust on 27 September 2013. The event was organised by Deazley and Stobo in collaboration with the Wellcome Library, and represented the culmination of an RCUK-funded research project concerned with the manner in which the copyright regime both enables and inhibits the work of heritage institutions, and in particular archives.
A web resource offering short videos of the presentations at the Symposium, full transcripts, an introductory essay and a bibliography, as well as other project-related outputs is available at www.create.ac.uk/archivesandcopyright.
CREATe is hosting the Fourth Research Workshop of the AHRC funded research network ‘Beyond the Campus: Connecting Knowledge and Creative Practice Communities across Higher Education and the Creative Economy’.
Launch: ‘A review of the causes and impacts of unlawful file sharing’
CREATe will launch on April 11, 2014 a review titled “Determinants and Welfare Implications of Unlawful File Sharing: A Scoping Review”, based on a behavioural economics analysis by Steven James Watson, Daniel John Zizzo and Piers Fleming, of all available empirical studies on file-sharing and unauthorized use. This research from the University of East Anglia, a CREATe partner, provides a comprehensive analysis of the evidence available to i) determine whether the unlawful sharing of copyrighted media online has a negative impact or not; as well as ii) appraise the evidence for the proposed causes of unlawful file sharing.
Themed crowdfunding cake expertly baked by Sheona Burrow
On Tuesday 18th February we organised a joint reading group session with colleagues from CCPR (normally branded as CREATe Studio). These reading groups are open to all PGRs and faculty. The topic of discussion was crowdfunding, an emergent activity in which project founders ask for a large number of small contributions from a community of online funders. It became clear over the course of lively discussion that there are a number of points of overlapping interest for researchers in both copyright and cultural policy.
Organised by Giancarlo Frosio and Estelle Derclaye, School of Law, University of Nottingham and funded by CREATe, this workshop attempted to gather the different stakeholders in the field of open access publishing, especially open academic publishing, with the double aim of presenting the research gaps identified in Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review and eliciting reactions, comments, criticisms and finding new research questions and areas to explore both theoretically and empirically.
Photos from the Day
With thanks to Mike Beard, photographer at University of Nottingham.
Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review
Available as CREATe Working Paper 2014/1, Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review by Giancarlo Frosio under the supervision of Estelle Derclaye provided a backdrop to the day’s discussion.
The literature review was undertaken to ‘investigate the current trends, advantages, disadvantages, problems and solutions, opportunities and barriers in Open Access Publishing (OAP), and in particular Open Access (OA) academic publishing’. It could be neither fully comprehensive nor completely exhaustive. However, it did draw from a considerable breadth of inter-disciplinary sources (legal, economic and academic) as it is aimed at an inter-disciplinary audience and advocates inter-disciplinary solutions. It has identified four major Research Gap areas each with a number of sub-research topics. These are presented with a view to assist researchers and stakeholders frame investigations, studies, assessments, policies and new business models. The Review also seeks to invite elaboration on the identified Research Gaps and to stimulate the sharing of additional Gaps.
Summary of the Workshop
Ken Wilson, Doctoral Researcher at University of Nottingham’s School of Law has written a summary account of the workshop, which can be found on CREATe’s Blog.