Sharing economy platforms are made possible through multiple forms of convergence
When goods and services are virtualised around us with the swipe of a mobile screen, it is hard not to believe we are living in a science fictional world. The convergence of fast and easy electronic payment systems with geolocative matchmaking software has brought a seeming abundance of choice and convenience to consumers in many sectors. At the same time, virtual jobs or crowdwork have risen in proportion to standard employment as a source of income for many. The recent pledge
by Elon Musk that soon our self-driving Tesla cars will generate money for us after depositing us at work blurs the line between producer, consumer and owner even further. The technologically disruptive features of sharing economy services promise widespread change: by lowering both fixed and marginal costs, they make it difficult for traditional suppliers to compete; through standardized protocols they can quickly achieve global scale; by linking individual preferences to peers they further disintermediate between the private sphere and market.
A special issue of Internet Policy Review, edited by Kris Erickson (CREATe) and Inge Sørensen (CCPR) at the University of Glasgow, explores the regulatory challenges posed by the sharing economy. Each contribution to this special issue provides a lens on economic and social dimensions of sharing economy practice. Articles are focused on policy issues rather than individual case studies of platforms. The regulatory concerns covered by the contributions in this issue include the ontological status of shared goods, the conditions of crowdworking, the regulation of trust between strangers, the definition of relevant markets for competition regulation and European audiovisual media policy. [Download PDF]
Internet Policy Review is a free and open access journal on Internet regulation in Europe, published by HIIG Berlin in cooperation with CREATe and CNRS France.
We are delighted to announce the release of a new CREATe working paper authored by Eleonora Rosati. The paper explores recent proposals advocating the removal of safe harbour protection at the EU level for hosting providers that give access to copyright works. Continue reading
Post by Philip Schlesinger
In collaboration with the Cultural Enterprise Office (CEO), CREATe recently released Connecting creativity, value and money authored by film producer and CREATe Industry Fellow Bob Last. Bob undertook the research for this paper when he chaired the CEO Board, and was then particularly interested in the question of access to finance for those engaged in creative work. The study itself, financed by the Scottish Government, mutated in the course of investigation to become an analysis of the tensions between economic and aesthetic calculations made by those working across a range of art forms and evolved into an argument for rethinking the bases of creative industries policy. In this post, Bob describes his motivations and approach in undertaking this study.
We re delighted to announce the release of a new CREATe working paper authored by Bob Last. This working paper was commissioned and the work project managed by Cultural Enterprise Office (CEO). Continue reading
In this post, CREATe Researcher Bartolomeo Meletti shares details about recent improvements to CopyrightUser.org.
CREATe Industry Fellow, Emma Barraclough, shares her experiences on attending the CREATe Festival 2016 held at RSA House London on 24 June. This post first appeared on Managing IP.
“People in this country have had enough of experts,” declared UK minister Michael Gove earlier this month.
The Leave campaigner was speaking during the EU referendum campaign, dismissing warnings from economists and international organisations about the likely impact of a vote for Brexit. “I’m not asking the public to trust me. I’m asking them to trust themselves,” he added.
IP professionals may have their own view about the sagacity of Gove’s preference for trust in instinct over expertise. But away from the headlines in Westminster and Brussels, IP professionals may be heartened by the growing use of evidence and expertise to shape policy in intellectual property.
In the area of copyright, much of that is thanks to work being done by researchers at CREATe, a multidisciplinary UK Research Councils project to investigate the role of copyright law in digital change and the creative economy. They are working on a range of themes, from emerging business models, the role of intermediaries and platforms, user creation and behaviour, and copyright regulation and enforcement. Continue reading
In July 2016, CREATe, Glasgow will host the Annual Workshop of the International Society of the History and Theory of Intellectual Property (ISHTIP). As attendees of our Copyright History Symposium will know, Scotland was the home of booksellers such as Alexander Donaldson who sought to resist the monopolistic practices of their established London-based rivals, in the so-called Battle of the Booksellers of the eighteenth century. The patriotic Scottish booksellers, newcomers to the trade, sold cheap reprints of books sold by the London booksellers, including those in which statutory copyright, under the Statute of Anne 1710, had expired. The London booksellers responded with a series of lawsuits culminating in Donaldson v. Becket (1774), relying inter alia on copyright at common law, against which the Scots resisted. As Donaldson expressed in petitioning the House of Commons in 1774: ‘your petitioner has had to struggle with the united force of almost all the eminent booksellers of London and Westminster… above one hundred of the most opulent booksellers… have in their turn, been plaintiffs against your petitioner’. The resulting cases and more general debate about the nature of literary property are today remembered as a historic occasion on which the nature of copyright, as well as the more general notion of property in intangibles, was fully debated. Taking the theme of ‘resistance’ as its starting point, we intend the 8th Annual Workshop to be a further occasion for the full debate of the theory and history of intellectual property! The final programme is now available, and can be found here: http://www.ishtip.org/?p=758
CREATe has published an Opinion by the European Copyright Society, addressing the proposal to introduce a neighbouring right for publishers. The European Commission’s public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain: A response by the European Copyright Society is now available in the CREATe Working Paper series.
Photos from CREATe Festival held on 24 June at the RSA House in London.
[More materials (presentations, videos, a storify, link to delegate feedback, etc.) all added under CREATe Festival Delegate Impressions