Research Blog Series: Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks

Continuing the Research Blog Series, Kerry Patterson presents a project that explores the issue of Orphan Works using the case study of the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks.


Project: Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks

Investigators: PI – Ronan Deazley (now Queen’s University Belfast), Co-I – Sarah Hepworth (Special Collections, University of Glasgow), RA – Kerry Patterson (CREATe, University of Glasgow)

What did your research aim to do?
Cultural heritage institutions are struggling to enable digital access to works in their collections when copyright owners cannot be identified or located. The problem of orphan works has been addressed in part by the EU Orphan Works Directive 2012 and the UK Orphan Works Licensing Scheme (OWLS), but our research explored the impact of these solutions and questioned whether they are fit for purpose. We aimed to address the need for better, more robust data about the impact that copyright has on digitisation initiatives, and provide research and guidance on orphan works and diligent search.

How did you do it?
The researchers adopted a case study approach and performed a rights clearance simulation on a sample of the Edwin Morgan scrapbooks, a collection of mixed-media works compiled by the Scottish poet between the 1930s and 1960s.

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Kretschmer presents Study in the European Parliament on proposed press publishers right

CREATe’s Director Prof. Martin Kretschmer presents today at the European Parliament (December 7) a Study on the proposed press publishers right (and also on 3 articles that are designed to improve the position of authors). To be live streamed, Kretschmer’s session ‘The copyright directive: strengthening the position of press publishers and authors & performers’, where he speaks with Prof. Lionel Bently (Cambridge University), is part of the EU Parliament’s Workshop for the Committee on Legal Affairs.


Links to The Study (see here and here)

Workshop Programme (see here)

Agenda of Committee (see here)


Recent reporting on this issue

Julia Reda’s blog

Media Publishers

Copy Buzz

Ancillary Copyright

EDRI

Communia Association

Project Disco

Cambridge University


CREATe references to this type of EU policy work (here).


EIPR article (based on CREATe Public Lectures) outlining key debates in this area:

2017_39_EIPR_Issue_10_Hoeppner_Kretschmer_Xalabarder
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CREATe / BFI Education Screening Event on Copyright & Creative Reuse

Event Title: CREATe / BFI Education Screening Event on Copyright & Creative Reuse
Venue: London, BFI Southbank, NFT3, Belvedere Rd, South Bank, London SE1 8XT
Date: 8 December 2017
Time: 1100-1830
Speakers: Bartolomeo Meletti, Claudy Op den Kamp, Annabelle Shaw, Frank Gray, Jenny Hammerton, Leontien Bout, Ronan Deazley, Mark Robinson, Charlie Lyne, Ben Green, Shane O’Sullivan, Lionel Bently
Social/ PR: @copyrightuser #createcin @copyrightcentre



The event explored the role of copyright in relation to creativity, film archives, and education, with focus on creative reuse. The common theme to tie these topics together is the creative reuse of the character of Sherlock Holmes. As outlined below, the evolving journey of the notorious detective from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s stories illustrated by Sidney Paget to its most recent adaptations – passing through William Gillette, Basil Rathbone and others – provides a compelling story to explore the role of copyright in relation to creativity, archives, and education. Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Copyright and Risk

Victoria Stobo reviews her work on copyright and risk relating to a mass digitisation project at the Wellcome Library, for the Research Blog Series.


Project: Copyright and Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library

Investigators: Prof. Ronan Deazley (now Queen’s University, Belfast), Dr. Ian G Anderson and Ms. Victoria Stobo (University of Glasgow)

What did your research aim to do?
Analyse the Wellcome Library approach to rights clearance for their pilot mass digitisation project, Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics.

How did you do it?
A literature review explored similar examples of rights clearance studies, followed by a case study methodology, utilising semi-structured interviews at the Wellcome Library and various partner institutions to understand how the project developed, and the decision-making process at each institution.

What are your key findings?
By utilising a risk-based approach to rights clearance, the Wellcome Library was able to make a significantly larger proportion of their collections available online, than if they had adopted a legally-compliant method of permission-seeking. They have also demonstrated a scalable approach to rights clearance that other archive institutions could adapt for their own projects.

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Research Blog Series: Surrogate IP Rights in the Cultural Sector 

Continuing our Research Blog Series, Andrea Wallace reports on her work exploring the effects of copyright claims on artworks in the public domain.


The DAYOR exhibition. Image © Michael Gimenez, CC BY-NC.

Project: Surrogate IP Rights in the Cultural Sector  (Part of New Business Models for Cultural Institutions)

Investigator: Andrea Wallace (CREATe) with the National Library of Scotland

What did your research aim to do?
My research aimed to consider the impact that a claim to copyright in reproductions of artworks has on meaningful access to and reuse of our common cultural heritage in the public domain.

How did you do it?
I performed empirical and qualitative research on rights and reproductions policies of a number of cultural institutions around the world and produced in the Display At Your Own Risk project, a research-led exhibition experiment featuring digital surrogates of public domain works made available by heritage institutions of international repute.

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Research Blog Series: Archives, Digitisation & Copyright

Kicking off the 2nd theme in our Research Blog SeriesGLAM Sector and Openness – Victoria Stobo discusses her PhD research at the University of Glasgow


Project: Archives, Digitisation, and Copyright (PhD Study)

Investigators: Prof. Ronan Deazley (now Queen’s University, Belfast), Prof. Martin Kretschmer, Dr. Ian G Anderson and Ms Victoria Stobo (all University of Glasgow)

What did your research aim to do?
Understand the effect of UK copyright law on the digitisation of archive collections.

How did you do it?
The research used mixed methods to explore the challenges facing archivists in relation to the digitisation and making available of collections containing third party copyright works. A questionnaire survey was distributed to archive services based in the UK. I also conducted semi-structured interviews and collected project data at 11 archive and library institutions, building in-depth case studies on specific digitisation projects. This data was combined with a review of the literature, to understand how archivists balance their responsibilities in regards to the law with their public interest mission of making collections accessible.

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Licensing Dataset Workshop Report: Choose the Right Rights, Use the Data Right

Sheona Burrow reports on an all-day workshop on licensing research datasets, held jointly by the University of Glasgow Research Information Management Services Team, Jisc and CREATe on Thursday 2nd November.


The purpose of the workshop was to draw out issues around licencing of research datasets with a focus on identifying whether clarifications in terminology and guidance would be useful.

Key Recommendations

  • Create and maintain high level lay guidance and process diagrams including benefits of using specific licence types.
  • Provide good examples of appropriate and inappropriate use of licences that researchers and users can relate to.
  • Consider discipline specific guidance and examples e.g. music and creative media have specific complexities.
  • Provide guidance on licencing physical media and samples.
  • Make training on how to use licences appropriately available to all stakeholders.  Include how to assign a licence and how to check the licence attached to any data that is used.
  • Recommend attribution at organisation level and provide practical guidance on how to do this.
  • Recommend sign up to Concordat on Open Research Data
  • Encourage funders to provide guidance on preferred licences.
  • Provide guidance on working with commercial partners and producing or using datasets.
  • Provide a glossary of terms and plain language translation possibly in collaboration with CASRAI.
  • Provide tools for licence selection and automatically applying licence metadata to multiple files and embedding licence information in file headers.
  • Machine actionable licences e.g. MS Word can include CC-BY in metadata of document.
  • DMP Online update to provide guide to channel researchers to consider all sources of data they might use and what the licences allow.

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Research Blog Series: Emergent Business Models for 3D Printing Innovation

For our Research Blog Series, Luciana D’Adderio reviews her work on business models in the 3D printing industries.


Project Name: Emergent Business Models for 3D Printing Innovation

Investigators: PI Dr Luciana D’Adderio, University of Strathclyde Business School, with Co-I’s Prof. Jonathan Corney (Strathclyde – Engineering), Prof. Lilian Edwards (Strathclyde –Law Department) and Prof. Robin Williams (University of Edinburgh)

What did your research aim to do?
This project sought to examine, document and analyse the emergence of business models in the 3d printing industries, drawing on a novel inductive and observational methodology for business model taxonomy developed by the PI.

How did you do it?
We conducted an in-depth investigation of the situated, distributed and materially-mediated practices which make up the cornerstones of the Business Model (BM) framework. These include the actual processes by which value proposition is created, delivered, captured and communicated. This novel approach is in contrast with the majority of the extant literature which has adopted an objectified view of BMs, whereby they are mostly treated as  ‘objects’ or tools which managers and entrepreneurs can acquire and manipulate in their quest for harnessing value. We developed, applied and tested our innovative methodology with a number of organisations engaged in the 3D Printing ecosystem, ranging from start-ups to some of the leading innovating organisations, and across sectors from Design and Manufacturing to Healthcare.

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Research Blog Series: Going for Gold – IP Implications of 3D Scanning & 3D Printing

Dinusha Mendis shares her research on the IP issues surrounding 3D scanning, 3D printing and mass customisation, for our Research Blog Series.


Project: Going for Gold: A Legal and Empirical Study into the Intellectual Property (IP) Implications of 3D Scanning, 3D Printing and Mass Customisation

Investigators: Professor Dinusha Mendis, Bournemouth University, in collaboration with Uformia AS specialising in the manufacture of jewellery and 3D licensing and Nikoloas Maniatis of Museotechniki Ltd specialising in 3D scanning and printing of museum artefacts.

What did your research aim to do?
The aim was to explore the copyright, design and licensing issues surrounding 3D scanning, 3D printing and mass customisation of jewellery, in the cultural and business sectors.

How did you do it? 
We utilised a legal and empirical (qualitative) method. The team used an online survey followed by a legal analysis to understand the copyright and licensing issues which jewellery designers and consumers have to contend with in using 3D technology. The team also conducted interviews with national, local and regional museums and collaborated with a selected group of museums including the Historic Royal Palaces, Birmingham, Lancaster and Ipswich museums to form case studies.

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Research Blog Series: Games and Transmedia

Daithí Mac Síthigh explores how legal issues impact games developers and users, for our Research Blog Series


Project Name: Games and Transmedia

Investigators: Professor Daithí Mac Síthigh (Queen’s University Belfast, formerly Edinburgh University, then Newcastle University), Dr Keith M. Johnston (East Anglia), Dr Tom Phillips (Edinburgh and East Anglia) (RA)

What did your research aim to do?
We sought to ascertain how copyright law, and other legal mechanisms, promote or restrain the development of business models, creative platforms and payment mechanisms in the video game sector.  In particular, we thought of games within a wider ‘transmedia’ sphere, and tracked the impact of emerging platforms ranging from app stores to crowdfunding.

How did you do it?
We studied legal issues such as licensing, ‘software’ and ‘artistic’ aspects of copyright law, and consumer law, in terms of the impact of the law on developers and users. Specifically, we held two research workshops – one games-focused and one transmedia-focused – with participation from a wide range of the relevant industries. We also presented our work to a range of audiences at conferences (e.g. developers, game studies academics, legal scholars). We published our findings in three articles and two book chapters, with other work still to follow.

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