Martin Kretschmer

Martin Kretschmer is Professor of Intellectual Property Law in the School of Law, University of Glasgow, and Director of CREATe (, an interdisciplinary research centre funded jointly by AHRC, EPSRC and ESRC). From 2000-2012, he was Director of the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM) at Bournemouth University ( From 1996-1999 he was a postdoctoral research fellow at Cass Business School, City University, London (ESRC Media Economics and Media Culture programme).

In 2010/11, Martin was seconded to the UK Intellectual Property Office under an ESRC Knowledge Exchange Fellowship (at the time of the Hargreaves Review). In 2012, he was invited to become a member of the European Copyright Society, an association of 20 leading scholars. In 2015/16, he was President of EPIP, the European Policy for Intellectual Property Association. In 2018, he was Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow at the European University Institute in Fiesole/Florence.

Martin says: “My stock in trade is the empirical analysis of intellectual property law. I am also interested in the genealogy of the norms governing an information society (”

Martin was educated at Freie Universität Berlin, London School of Economics (LLM) and University College London (PhD philosophy). He also studied music at Musikhochschule Wien (University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna). During the 1990s, he was German Consultant Editor at BBC Worldwide, and wrote for German language national newspapers, public radio and TV, including ZEIT, Frankfurter Rundschau, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, BR, SWF, WDR, SFB, Radio Bremen, DeutschlandRadio.

Martin has worked on many independent reports for the UK Intellectual Property Office and the UK Cabinet Office, and contributed to EU Copyright Policy.

  • K. Erickson, P. Heald, F. Homberg, M. Kretschmer, D. Mendis (2015). Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An empirical assessment, Independent Report for the UK Intellectual Property Office (76pp)
  • D. Mendis, M. Kretschmer (2013). ‘The Treatment of Parodies under Copyright Law in Seven Jurisdictions: A comparative review of the underlying principles’, Independent Report for the UK Intellectual Property Office (112pp) [cited in 2013 CJEU reference, Case C-201/13, Johan Deckmyn]
  • K. Erickson, M. Kretschmer, D. Mendis (2013), ‘Copyright and the Economic Effects of Parody: An empirical study of music videos on the YouTube platform, and an assessment of regulatory options’, Independent Report for the UK Intellectual Property Office (26pp)
  • F. Homberg, M. Favale, M. Kretschmer, D. Mendis, D. Secchi (2013), ‘Copyright and the Regulation of Orphan Works:  A comparative review of seven jurisdictions, and a rights clearance simulation’, Independent Report for the UK Intellectual Property Office (98pp)
  • S. Weston, M. Kretschmer (2012), ‘Open Standards in Government IT: A review of the evidence’
  • M. Favale, M. Kretschmer (2012), ‘An Analysis of the Public Consultation on Open Standards: Open Opportunities’
    [both published on 1 November 2012 at and cited in the UK Government’s justification of the new Open Standards policy:, pp. 9, 14, 20]
  • M. Kretschmer (2011) ESRC project on Copyright Levies  (as part of a fellowship at the UK Intellectual Property Office):
    [cited in Digital Opportunity: An Review of IP & Growth, ‘Hargreaves Review’, May 2011, p. 116; in the government’s response to Hargreaves, August 2011; in BASCA v Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills [2015] EWHC 1723 19 June 2015; in AG Opinion in ECJ Case C-110/15 Nokia Italy at 63, 4 May 2016]
  • A review of the relationship between copyright and contract law for the UK Strategic Advisory Board for Intellectual Property Policy (2010, with E. Derclaye, M. Favale and R. Watt):

He has led development of the following digital resources–

  • With Prof. Lionel Bently, Martin is the general editor of the AHRC funded digital archive Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900) at the Centre for Intellectual Property & Information Law, Cambridge University (
    An edited collection Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright (2010: with L. Bently and R. Deazley) has appeared with Cambridge Open Book Publishers, using a new publishing model based on free access, digital sales and print on demand (
  • Copyright User and Copyright Evidence (Martin is chair of their editorial boards) are the leading sites in their area.

He also conducted a number of studies on artists’ labour markets and earnings funded by the Arts Council, ALCS and DACS.

  • M. Kretschmer & P. Hardwick (2007). Authors’ Earnings from Copyright and Non-Copyright Sources: A survey of 25,000 British and German writers (205pp)
  • M. Kretschmer, L. Bently, S. Singh, E. Cooper (2011). Copyright Contracts and Earnings of Visual Creators: A survey of 5,800 British designers, fine artists, illustrators, and photographers (179pp)
  •  M. Kretschmer, A. Azqueta Gavaldon, J. Miettinen, S. Singh (2019, forthcoming). Authors’ Earnings and Contracts 2018 (repeat of 2007 study commissoned by ALCS)

Martin has published in the leading journals of several disciplines: law, business & management and media & communications. A list of publications can be found here –

Glasgow E-print repository (Glasgow):

School of Law staff page:

SSRN author page:

Google Scholar: