Skip to main content

Conference concluding the AHRC PEC funded “21 for 21” project, in collaboration with reCreating Europe


The conference will be held at the Advanced Research Centre (ARC), the creative and collaborative heart of interdisciplinary research at the University of Glasgow, 17-18 October 2022

CREATe, the UK Copyright and Creative Economy Centre, hosts a conference concluding the “21 for 21” evidence project in Glasgow, on 17-18 October 2022. This web page provides information about the conference with access to the programme and available conference materials. It is the aim of the conference to establish the “state of the art” of our empirical knowledge relating to copyright law. We adopt a “myth busting” format, structured around 5 propositions, with a focus on discussion.

The conference is part of the work stream on intellectual property, business models, access to finance and content regulation led by the CREATe Centre for the AHRC Creative Industries Policy & Evidence Centre (PEC). Associated with the event will be the General Assembly of the H2020 reCreating Europe project (“Rethinking digital copyright law for a culturally diverse, accessible, creative Europe”) where CREATe leads the creative industries stream. The “21 for 21” project sought to achieve a balanced and close interdisciplinary collaboration between senior and early career academics.

Supported by


Full Programme

DAY 1: Monday, 17 October 2022

9:30 Welcome

Introduction to the Evidence project

Jane Mair, Professor of Private Law, Head of School of Law

Martin Kretschmer, Amy Thomas,
Kris Erickson, Bartolomeo Meletti,
Caterina Sganga (reCreating)

10:00 – 11:00
Short presentations
(4 x 5 mins, 1x 7min response)
Audience Q&A
Proposition 1: Copyright ensures that creators get fairly paid and recognised Ruth Towse (performers), Bournemouth
Ula Furgał (journalists), CREATe Glasgow
Luke McDonagh (moral rights), LSE
Joshua Yuvaraj [and Rebecca Giblin] (reversion),
Auckland & Melbourne
ReCreating commentator: Joost Poort,
IViR Amsterdam
Chair: Tanya Aplin, King’s College London
11:00 – 12:00
Short presentations
(4 x 5 mins, 1x 10min response)
Audience Q&A
Proposition 2: Stronger and longer copyright protection increases creative and scholarly output Paul Heald (duration), Illinois
Martin Kretschmer (non-use), CREATe Glasgow
Andrea Wallace (digital heritage), Exeter
Leonhard Dobusch and Konstantin Hondros
(open licensing),
Innsbruck & Duisburg-Essen
ReCreating commentator(s):
Roberto Caso/Giulia Dore/Pinar Oruç,
Trento, Trento, Manchester
Chair: Fred Saunderson, National Library of Scotland
[PhD & other projects]
14:00 – 15:00
Short presentations
(4 x 5 mins, 1x 7min response)
Audience Q&A
Proposition 3: Copyright enforcement measures are effective in regulating
infringing behaviours
Matthew Sag [and Pamela Samuelson] (litigation)
Emory & Berkeley
Joost Poort (piracy/streaming), IViR Amsterdam
Kris Erickson (takedown), Leeds
Christian Peukert and Margaritha Windisch
(digital business models), Lausanne
ReCreating commentator: Christian Katzenbach,
Bremen/HIIG Berlin
Chair: Guido Noto La Diega, Stirling
15:00 – 16:00
Short presentations
(4 x 5 mins, 1x 7min response)
Audience Q&A
Proposition 4: Copyright works similarly in all creative industries Giorgio Fazio (trade), Newcastle
Magali Eben (competition), CREATe Glasgow
Kenny Barr (creative industries), CREATe Glasgow
Raffaele Danna, [Arianna Martinelli
and Alessandro Nuvolari] (negative space), Sant’Anna Pisa
ReCreating commentator: Eneli Kindsiko, Tartu
Chair: Gillian Doyle, CCPR Glasgow
16:00 – 17:30 CAMPUS TOUR: Stair Building, Quad, Hunterian, Macintosh House

CANAPE RECEPTION in ARC (from 17:00)

17:30 -19:00
in collaboration with
(Scottish Law and Innovation
Public discussion in ARC Atrium

“Creative labour markets and platform power”


with Cory Doctorow and Rebecca Giblin
(preview of new book: Chokepoint Capitalism)Chairs: Ula Furgał and Amy Thomas
20:00 DINNER (off site by invitation)

DAY 2: Tuesday, 18 October 2022

09:30 – 11:30
(parallel session)
Editorial Board: Evidence Wiki

Current visibility
Audience and user communities
Technical improvements
Future funding
Impact interventions

Chair: Kris Erickson, Leeds
09:30 – 11:30
(parallel session)
General Assembly: reCreating Consortium

WP2: End users and access to culture
WP3: Authors and performers
WP4: Creative industries
WP5: Galleries, libraries, archives, museums (GLAM)
WP6: Intermediaries

Welcome: Marta Iljadica, CREATe Glasgow

Chair: Caterina Sganga, Sant’Anna Pisa

11:30 – 12:00 TEA/COFFEE
12:00 – 13:00

Short presentations
(4 x 5 mins, 1x 7min response)
Discussion Audience Q&A

Proposition 5: Users’ interests are accounted for within the copyright regime Carys Craig (gender), Osgoode Toronto
Bartolomeo Meletti (exceptions), CREATe Glasgow
Thomas Margoni (computational use), KU Leuven
Amy Thomas (UGC), CREATe Glasgow
ReCreating commentator: Peter Mezei, Szeged
Chair: Luis Porangaba, CREATe Glasgow
13:00 – 14:00 LUNCH
14:00 – 15:30 Synthesis of evidence: Discussion
Consensus position paper: what we know, what we don’t know
Revisions for edited volume from the “21 for 21” project
Chair: Martin Kretschmer, CREATe Glasgow

(Panel, incl. Lionel Bently, Cambridge; Emily Hudson, King’s College London; Bernt Hugenholtz, IViR Amsterdam; Pamela Samuelson, Berkeley)

Close: Philip Schlesinger, CREATe/CCPR Glasgow

Download a PDF version of the conference programme here.

Conference committee:

Martin Kretschmer & Amy Thomas (co-chairs), Kris Erickson, Bartolomeo Meletti
Diane McGrattan (administration), Zihao Li (hybrid)
Casi Dylan (ARC)

Evidence synthesis essays published:

  1. User creativity in online platforms – copyright or contract? (Amy Thomas) 
  2. Journalists and press publishers – are their interests aligned? (Ula Furgał)
  3. Copyright, re-use and digital business models (Christian Peukert and Margaritha Windisch)
  4. Term of copyright: optimality and reality (Paul Heald)
  5. Notice-and-takedown in copyright intermediary liability (Kristofer Erickson and Martin Kretschmer)
  6. Does copyright work differently in different industries? Music and television (Kenny Barr)
  7. Performers’ rights (Ruth Towse)
  8. Computational uses (Thomas Margoni)
  9. Copyright reversion (Joshua Yuvaraj and Rebecca Giblin)
  10. Reflections on user-generated content (Luis Porangaba)
  11. Exceptions (Bartolomeo Meletti)
  12. Negative spaces (Raffaele Danna, Arianna Martinelli, Alessandro Nuvolari)
  13. Copyright and Gender (Carys Craig)
  14. Digital Heritage and the Public Domain (Andrea Wallace)
  15. Imagine no possessions: from piracy to streaming (Joost Poort)
  16. Copyright and Creative Trade (Giorgio Fazio)
  17. Three Faces of Openness in Organising Copyright (Leonhard Dobusch and Konstantin Hondros)
  18. Moral Rights (Luke McDonagh)
  19. Competition (Magali Eben)
  20. Copyright Injunctions and the empirical study of litigation (Matthew Sag and Pamela Samuelson)
  21. Copyright and Non-Use (Martin Kretschmer)

Copyright Evidence: A year in review (Amy Thomas and Bartolomeo Meletti)

Registrations for the public discussion with Doctorow/Giblin on Monday October 17th, 17:30, are possible until the event starts.