Category Archives: Working Papers

Items related to CREATe Working Paper Series

The creative economy in question

The ‘creative economy’ and its workings have been at the heart of our mission, writes CREATe Deputy Director, Philip Schlesinger. Over the past four years, this has given the Centre’s work both a coherent focus and, at the same time, … Continue reading

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A neighbouring right for publishers? The European Copyright Society responds

CREATe has published an Opinion by the European Copyright Society, addressing the proposal to introduce a neighbouring right for publishers. The European Commission’s public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain: A response by the European Copyright … Continue reading

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Ready to use your free Spotify UK account in France?

If you have a free Spotify account in the UK, you cannot use it in France for more than 14 days. If you have a premium account from UK, you can listen only to that music which has been licensed in the UK, even if you are physically in France. This results from the way music rights are licensed or sold as per territories. In an attempt to shake up the copyright regime in Europe and to allow Europeans to access their online services wherever they go, the EU is now reforming the system by which music rights are licensed. It is doing so by bringing competition to the business of collective rights management through the EU’s Directive on CMOs (Collective Management Organizations) due to be implemented in April 2016. It requires CMOs to compete with each other for members (the right holders they represent) and to become transparent in the way they operate. Continue reading

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CREATe Working Paper: Copying, Creativity and Copyright

Ronan Deazley of Queen’s University Belfast and Bartolomeo Meletti, CREATe researcher and Lead Producer of CopyrightUser.org introduce their CREATe Working Paper entitled ‘Copying, Creativity and Copyright‘.


Copying and creativity are often presented in antithetical terms: if you are copying you are not being creative, and vice versa. And within the context of copyright law, copying is often conflated with concepts like theft, piracy and immorality: to copy is to attack creators trying to make a living from their work. But in truth, copying can be and often is creative. The creative process thrives upon practices of adaptation, imitation and borrowing, and copyright should and does accommodate those creative practices. The short animated film The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair – which on 12 November 2015 won the AHRC Research in Film Award for Innovation in Film – provides a practical example of how copyright enables and encourages many forms of lawful, creative copying. In less than four minutes, the film includes over 80 instances of the lawful reuse of and reference to well-known copyright and public domain works, as well as factual information and recent copyright litigation.

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CREATe Working Paper Examines Why People Unlawfully File-share

View Media Briefing CREATe’s first Working Paper of 2016 is now available to download. To Pay or Not to Pay? Determinants of Unlawful Product Acquisition by Piers Fleming, Melanie Parravano and Daniel John Zizzo presents a laboratory experiment that systematically investigates the … Continue reading

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New CREATe Working Paper surveys research on Korean Pop Music Industry

CREATe’s twelfth Working Paper of 2015 is now available to download. In The South Korean Music Industry: A Literature Review Keith Negus of Goldsmiths,  University of London surveys the range of information and debates being addressed in writings published in English on … Continue reading

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Lilian Edwards Considers Privacy, Security and Data Protection in Smart Cities in New CREATe Working Paper

The eleventh CREATe Working Paper of 2015 is now available to download. Privacy, Security and Data Protection in Smart Cities: a Critical EU Law Perspective by Lilian Edwards argues that smart cities combine the three greatest current threats to personal privacy, with which … Continue reading

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Towse Working Paper Assesses Copyright and Business Models in UK Music Publishing

The latest entry in CREATe’s Working Paper Series is now available to download. Copyright and Business Models in UK Music Publishing by Ruth Towse argues that the paradigmatic shift from the sale of printed music to exploiting and managing musical rights that … Continue reading

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Copyright, Football and European Media Rights Working Paper Now Available

Copyright, Football and European Media Rights by Raymond Boyle of the University of Glasgow is the latest entry in CREATe’s Working Paper Series.  Boyle considers the position of copyright in the arena of sports content rights and property rights of sporting organizations … Continue reading

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Watt EPIP/SERCI Keynote Available in CREATe Working Paper Series

The latest entry in CREATe’s Working Paper Series is now available to download. Copyright Collectives and Contracts: An Economic Theory Perspective by Richard Watt (University of Canterbury and SERCI) argues that there are significant efficiency benefits from having copyrights managed … Continue reading

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