Our digital resources are divided into Tools and Event Resources. The Tools are grouped under the themes of Copyright Evidence, Copyright User and Copyright History with each theme containing a lead resource. The event resources include video, audio recordings, transcripts and presentations from CREATe conferences, events and launches. They are divided by theme.
All of our digital resources aim to:
- Make primary research materials (data and historical sources) available.
- Enable public discourse and debate by translating complex findings and legal context into a more accessible format.
- Allow our methodological approach can be scrutinised by academic peers and stakeholders.
- Develop material appropriate to our interdisciplinary field.
- Be sustainable, particularly when created with partner organisations.
The Wiki aims to categorise all existing empirical studies on copyright in an attempt to inform policy interventions based on rigorous evidence. The evidence is searchable by country, industry and research method, among other categories, to allow for in-depth exposition. The Wiki format allows a dynamic review of the studies, together with bespoke visualisations, and users can propose new studies.
A user-friendly data tool, which allows users to download and analyse the Ofcom/IPO surveys on infringement, online access and consumption behaviour in the UK.
A searchable database of litigation cases concerning intellectual property rights in the UK.
A real time infringement tracker using social media data from Facebook and Twitter.
This independent online resource is aimed at making UK Copyright Law accessible to creators, media professionals, entrepreneurs, students, and members of the public. The goal is to provide answers to the most pressing concerns creators have about copyright, helping them understand their right
Primary Sources on Copyright is a digital archive of primary sources on copyright from the invention of the printing press (c. 1450) to the Berne Convention (1886) and beyond.
The first phase in 2008 focused on key materials from Renaissance Italy (Venice, Rome), France, the German speaking countries, Britain and the United States. New materials continue to be added: primary sources from Spain were published in 2012, and the Netherlands followed in 2015. Jewish law sources were published in 2016. For each of the thirteen geographical areas, a national editor has selected, transcribed, translated and commented on documents. Sources include privileges, statutes, judicial decisions, contracts and materials relating to legislative history, as well as contemporary letters, essays, treatises and artefacts.
Event ResourcesKey Conferences & Lectures
CREATe formally launched on 31st January 2013 with a public event at the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow. Speakers included representatives of the UK and Scottish governments and the creative industries, and the Chief Executive of the Arts & Humanities Research Council. This was followed by a conference examining case studies of transition from analogue to digital such as in music and publishing, in contrast with cases in ‘born digital’ sectors such as games or social media.
This 2014 event was an opportunity to showcase collective CREATe research, with some invited external inputs and perspectives. A showcase of posters shown at the event is also available.
CREATe hosted the 10th Annual Conference of the EPIP Association (European Policy for Intellectual Property) in September 2015. Delegates interested in the economic, legal and political aspects of intellectual property rights explored the role of Intellectual Property (IP) in the Creative Economy, with a focus on copyright, data and the changing economics of the digital world.
This event in June 2016 showcased research projects from across the CREATe consortium with forward-looking plenary sessions. The event also marked the publication of the CREATe Legacy Brochure, which highlighted the impact of CREATe research on society, industry and policy from 2012-2016.
CREATe Public Lecture Series 2016-2017
Our public lecture series investigates topical policy issues and is complemented by PhD development workshops. Lectures on the following themes have taken place:
Copyright Reform in a Brexit Environment by Martin Kretschmer in October 2016
Creative Commons by Gwen Franck and Timothy Vollmer in October 2016
The Case for a Related Right for Press Publishers by Thomas Höppner in February 2017
‘Stop Me If You Think That You’ve Heard This One Before: Plagiarism in music copyright’ by Simon Anderson in March 2017
This internal CREATe workshop in January 2014 brought together all researchers within CREATe who employ a range of cognate methodologies, notably the interview but also a range of ethnographic approaches.
Methods brings together ideas, discussions, and new perspectives on methodological problems that arise in researching in a fast moving digital environment, where issues of law, value and behaviour cannot easily be addressed within established academic disciplines. What does a productive interdisciplinary approach look like? The resource includes transcripts from CREATe Capacity Building events in Edinburgh in 2013 and Glasgow in 2014.
The CREATe Studio is a programme of capacity-building activities for PhD students and early career researchers across the disciplines of law, economics, social science, technology and humanities. Events include public lectures, the Early Career Research Camp in May 2017, the Open Innovation Design Jam in 2016, the Copyright Hackathon in 2016. A monthly interdisciplinary reading group allows researchers to explore newly published ideas, receive feedback on working papers and meet colleagues.
The proceedings of a 2012 Symposium with the aim of exploring the concept of evidence as employed in copyright policy making, and challenging the concept from a social science perspective.
Using systematic reviewing techniques drawn from the medical sciences, a team of behavioural economists and psychologists from the University of East Anglia undertook a scoping review of all evidence published between 2003-2013 into the welfare implications and determinants of unlawful file sharing. The report was published in 2014.
Economics lies at the heart of CREATe’s mission to explore the role of copyright and new business models in the creative industries. This two-day event in 2015 provided an opportunity to explore the insights and methods provided by economists and others.
The Symposium in May 2016 explored the role that evidence and data can play in the copyright education and awareness arena, as well as to examining how evaluation of data collection, research and education initiatives might take shape in the future.
This page follows the progress of the Commission’s Reform Package through the complex EU process of law making. The aim is to contribute to a European public sphere. We will offer an independent academic perspective and provide access to resources and evidence.
Proceedings of the event at which the Technology Strategy Board (TSB) and CREATe jointly launched an independent report for the UK Intellectual Property Office entitled “Copyright, and the Regulation of Orphan Works” on 2nd July 2013.
Organised by CREATe in association with the Wellcome Trust in 2013, this Symposium addressed impending changes to current copyright legislation and examined the use of risk-management strategies by cultural heritage institutions.
Display At Your Own Risk (DAYOR) is a research-led exhibition experiment, launched in 2016. It features digital surrogates of public domain works of art produced by cultural heritage institutions of international repute. The project includes a Gallery Exhibition as well as an open source version of that exhibition intended for public use.
This 2016 event explored the question, “How does copyright impact the access to and use of our shared cultural heritage across borders, and online?”
This CREATe project was based around a rights clearance simulation on a culturally significant set of unpublished scrapbooks created by Edwin Morgan, the first Scots Makar. The web resource was launched in 2017 and includes the project research as well as an interactive Scrapbook sample and copyright guidance created for cultural heritage institutions.
From 2013-2015, CREATe undertook a major knowledge exchange project to build understanding about how the public domain adds value to society. It was jointly funded by the UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO), the ESRC and CREATe. In addition to the Resource page, the project outputs included two events and a working paper:
An edited transcript of the one-day event, ‘Research Perspectives on the Public Domain’, held at the University of Glasgow on 11th October, 2013. This was a CREATe-sponsored seminar including brief lectures by six interdisciplinary scholars who made presentations regarding their research findings and addressed challenges related to intellectual property regulations as well as impact on the public domain.
This event took place on Friday 5th December, 2014 in London. The day’s presentations expanded upon research conducted by members of CREATe as part of the ‘Valuing the Public Domain’ project.
This 2015 conference focused on how contemporary urban life is increasingly marked and shaped by technology, and critically assessed what this means for existing societal norms and regulatory structures.
This resource is a digital curation of a one-day working conference held on 1st February 2013 in The Lighthouse Glasgow, to mark the launch of CREATe. The conference examined case studies of transition from analogue to digital (such as music and publishing) in contrast with cases in ‘born digital’ sectors
Organised by CREATe in collaboration with the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society in 2013, this international workshop explored the production and protection of audio-visual formats.
Organised by the School of Law, University of Nottingham and funded by CREATe, this 2014 workshop attempted to gather the different stakeholders in the field of open access publishing, especially open academic publishing, with the double aim of presenting the research gaps identified in Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review and eliciting reactions, comments, criticisms and finding new research questions and areas to explore both theoretically and empirically.
CREATe organised a 24 hour hackathon event in May 2016. There were three key event challenges: to inform copyright policy through evidence visualisation, to understand what drives creativity in online markets and to test if the availability of legal alternatives reduce piracy?
As part of the UK-wide ESRC Festival of Social Science, CREATe hosted an Open Innovation Design Jam on 10th November 2016. The purpose was to explore how open approaches to intellectual property could improve innovation in firms and organisations. Issues covered included creative commons licensing, open hardware, crowdsourcing, and new forms of patent pooling.
The “Open Science and Open Culture” summit laid the foundation to assess if countries in the global south need to move through traditional closed scientific and cultural models first. Are there opportunities to ‘leapfrog’ to open access and open data practices in educational resources and science, and to participatory digitization and disintermediated access to markets in relation to culture? What are the regulatory flexibilities, and legal and social hurdles to realising the benefits of openness?