The purpose of this project is to investigate the structure of selected creative industries, in particular the relationship between creators, entrepreneurs and intermediaries, to determine whether we are getting all the innovation we can out of the market. It responds directly to the link between copyright and innovation as discussed most recently in the Hargreaves Review. Creators must go through intermediaries (who may not be typically seen as part of the creative industries) to access the market, and respond in a variety of way to the rules set by the intermediaries. New business models and entrepreneurs might emerge to challenge the status quo set by intermediaries, or intermediaries become the gateway to innovation by offering platforms for expression or distribution/dissemination. Intermediaries can also have a value-added role, sifting through and selecting information to channel to users attentions. Further, there is often a high level of concentration in the industry such that entry to the market is often through an established dominant intermediary. A better understanding of the structure of the industry allows an examination of whether competition law, and other regulation of firm behaviour (including indirect regulation through liability and immunity regimes), helps or hinders new/emerging business models.