Press publishers, Internet platforms
and Text-and-data-mining. Martin Kretschmer reports on the progress of the EU’s contested copyright reforms in the European Parliament and Council.
Over the last months, many observers have tried to follow the progress of the EU copyright reform package that is now bogged down by close to 1,000 amendments from Members of the European Parliament to the proposed Copyright in the Digital Market Directive (COM(2016)593).
This post tries to shed some light on what is going on behind the scene. (CREATe’s earlier contributions to the debate can be found here.)
CREATe researchers Andrea Wallace and Ronan Deazley participated in the panel discussion ‘Copyright As Frame And Prison’ on 28 April at the Phoenix Arts Centre in Leicester.
© Antonio Roberts. Photo by Pamela Raith.
Complementing the exhibition No Copyright Infringement Intended, which includes work by Wallace and Deazley, the discussion explored the disruptive power of technological innovation on culture and copyright. A video recording of the panel discussion is now available on the CREATe Media YouTube Account.
CREATe announced the launch of the Copyright and Innovation Network (CIN) on 26 May 2017 at the Digital Catapult in London with an event exploring, Trends in the Creative Digital Economy: Findings from the CREATe Research Programme. The network aims to be a catalyst for industry-relevant research at the interface of law, technology, social science and the humanities.
We are delighted to launch the CREATe IP Summer Summit (CIPSS’17) at the University of Glasgow, jointly organized with the National Law University Delhi, India.
This year’s theme is ‘Open Science and Open Culture’ with a special focus on development in the Global South. See full timetable.
* CIPSS’17 counts as 20 hours of verifiable CPD for solicitors / lawyers in Scotland *
* 50% discount for full-time academic staff and full-time registered students *
* 50% discount for University of Glasgow alumni *
* Scholarships (fee remissions) available – scroll down for details and get in touch*
Openness is an aspirational goal to build transparent and participative societies. Does this conflict with international IP policy that prescribes complex arrangements of exclusive property rights as part of the global free trade area? The 1994 WTO TRIPS agreement sets minimum standards of protection for copyright, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs and patents, restricting the use of knowledge goods in order to encourage their production. A development agenda for copyright law, in particular, has remained polarised. Rules were set at a time when countries in the Global South ‘were barely at the threshold of the digital revolution‘.
The “Open Science and Open Culture” summit lays the foundation to assess if countries in the global south need to move through traditional closed scientific and cultural models first. Are there opportunities to ‘leapfrog’ to open access and open data practices in educational resources and science, and to participatory digitization and disintermediated access to markets in relation to culture? What are the regulatory flexibilities, and legal and social hurdles to realising the benefits of openness?
Image from Qidian
Date: 5 June 2017 (9:00 – 18:00)
Location: University of Edinburgh Business School, room LT1A
To book: Email project director Dr Xiaobai Shen (firstname.lastname@example.org )
This workshop presents findings from CREATe supported research into the role of digitization and copyright protection in the development of creative industries in contemporary China. In the USA and Europe, incumbent players in the creative industries have been strongly entrenched and struggled to hold on to old business models, while China has enjoyed a period of “letting a hundred flowers bloom”. Continue reading
Early career researchers, including advanced PhD students working on creative economy topics, are invited to register for an Early Career Research Camp organised by CREATe.
The event will take place over the 4th and 5th May in Glasgow at the Centre for Contemporary Arts. The programme includes interactive activities and expert roundtables covering interdisciplinary work, new research methods, engagement with policy and societal impact. Over the course of the two-day event, teams will develop a research proposal on a creative economy theme, with a £1000 prize for the winning proposal. The event is supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Continue reading
Morten Hviid, University of East Anglia provides a summary of CREATe supported research into the effects of digitalisation on the music and publishing industries. The findings have been published as two new working papers.
The two papers explore the structure of the music and publishing industries respectively post-digitalisation. In both cases we observe that digitalisation and disintermediation of support services have made possible an increased potential for the creative agents to self-publish and bypass the traditional publishers and labels. We also observed a move towards a more concentrated retail sector, where the large internet platforms dominate the interface with consumers. We speculate on the effect of these changes on the traditionally powerful firms in these industries, the book and music publishers and the record labels and what the eventual effects may be on artists and consumers. As regards the artists and consumers, in both industries, the main concern today does not appear to be an inadequate amount of creative output being produced; on the contrary more output is available than ever before. The problem has shifted to one of being found, whether it is the artist hoping to be discovered or the consumer hoping to discover new literature or music. While similar trends towards self-publishing, powerful retail platforms and streaming characterise both industries, there are interesting differences in their development to date.
How do archives, museums and libraries enable digital access to works in their collections when it is difficult to identify or locate the copyright owners? The problem of orphan works has been addressed in part by the EU Orphan Works Directive 2012 and the UK Orphan Works Licensing Scheme (OWLS). But are these solutions fit for purpose?
The Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks project was the first UK study addressing the legal and practical realities of diligent search since the Directive and OWLS came into effect. Now the project has concluded, with a new resource launched at www.digitisingmorgan.org.
The annual conference of the European Copyright Society (ECS), held this year at Sciences Po, Paris on 12 May 2017, will explore a possible path to a unitary EU copyright that would overcome the territorial fragmentation of online content markets.
Martin Kretschmer speaking at EPIP 2015
CREATe has worked with the European Copyright Society (ECS) on numerous policy submissions since the society was established in 2012. Speakers at ECS 2017 affiliated with CREATe include Prof. Martin Kretschmer (University of Glasgow), Prof. Estelle Derclaye (University of Nottingham) and Prof. Lionel Bently (University of Cambridge), as well as members of CREATe’s programme advisory council (Bernt Hugenholtz, IViR, University of Amsterdam and Reto Hilty, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich). Continue reading
CREATe Deputy Director Philip Schlesinger gave the opening keynote lecture on ‘Why does cultural expertise matter?’ at the international conference on ‘La prescription culturelle en question/Investigating cultural expertise’, held at the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme de Dijon from 5-7 April 2017.
His talk focused on the current crisis of expertise in the public sphere, how institutions prescribe cultural agendas, and the diverse regimes of research that shape academic identities and agendas. The conference covered a wide range of cultural practices, from music to manga, and the tensions between algorithmic and actor-driven forms of prescription. Organised by the Groupe d’Études sur la Prescription, conference proceedings will be published in due course.