The University of Strathclyde’s new Technology & Innovation Centre, where the conference took place
A resource page documenting the recent Designing Smart Cities: Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges conference which was supported by CREATe is now available. On the page you can find audio files and presentations (where available) for each of the conference sessions, as well as other media, including the Society for Computers and Law article series which will appear in the June/July issue of Computers and Law. The conference took place on 31st of March and 1st of April this year at the University of Strathclyde.
CREATe investigator Professor Gillian Doyle, of CCPR University of Glasgow, was recently invited to present at a plenary on multi-platform distribution and changes in windowing strategies at the International Conference on Private Television in Europe on 3rd June 2015.
This event, which was well attended by policy-makers and senior figures from industry across Europe, addressed the changing competitive dynamics of television broadcasting, ever-intensifying internationalization of media markets and ways in which emerging business strategies and EU law may potentially be at odds with one another. The conference took place in Brussels where Prof. Doyle is a member of the Advisory Board for the Vrije Universiteit Brussel Strategic Research Programme (SRP) on ‘Towards a Sustainable Media Ecology’.
Kerry Patterson, Project Officer for CREATe’s Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks project describes some approaches and challenges in her efforts to carry out diligent search for thousands of images with little original context.
The enormous visual appeal of the poet Edwin Morgan’s scrapbooks is countered by a large complication for the copyright researcher. Morgan rarely gives a source for the images he uses, meaning that the 16 scrapbook volumes contain tens of thousands of images with no note of their original context. For the researcher performing a diligent search as part of a mass digitisation project, the difficulty is this; without any supporting information for an image, what resources can be used to carry out a diligent search? Do the IPO’s Diligent Search guidelines offer assistance?
Double Page from Scrapbook 12
CREATe investigator Professor Mira Sundara Rajan recently appeared in popular Intellectual Property blog site The IPKat. In her guest post, entitled “A bird doesn’t sing because it has an answer”: a famous quote and the stamp of (in)authenticity, Mira discusses a fascinating recent episode whereby the US Postal Service issued a stamp intended to honour poet Maya Angelou who passed away in May last year at the age of 86. An image of Angelou on the stamp was presented alongside a quote, “A bird doesn’t sing because it has an answer, it sings because it has a song”, which appeared to be attributed to the poet. However, despite the best intentions of all involved, the quote in fact did not originate from Angelou (she’d used it often but never claimed it as her own). The words were actually authored by Joan Walsh Anglund, a children’s writer.
To read the whole story and to discover the outcomes and implications, visit The IPKat blog.
The latest entry in CREATe’s Working Paper Series is now available to download. Copyright and Freedom of Expression: A Literature Review by Yin Harn Lee, with a preface and summary by Emily Laidlaw and Daithi MacSithigh, reflects on the tensions within the relationship between copyright and freedom of expression, particularly with the emergence of the digital environment and expansion of copyright law. The review traces the nature of the debates about the interaction between copyright and free speech, treatment by the courts (focusing mainly on UK (in its wider European context) and USA jurisdictions), specific scenarios where the issues are particularly acute, and current proposals for reform.
The author and contributors hope that this Working Paper provides insight to the reader on what remains an uncertain area of the law. They invite comments to help inform the second stage of this project, whereby they’ll evaluate the need for an independent ‘free speech’ copyright exception (and consider the shape that such an exception might take) and seek to translate the knowledge contained in the literature review into practical advice for businesses and lawmakers on how to reconcile copyright and human rights law.
A forthcoming workshop in 2015 (details to be confirmed) will provide a forum for these issues to be discussed further, and its outcomes, together with this literature review, are expected to include the publication of an impact assessment tool.
The latest entry in CREATe’s Working Paper Series is now available to download. Collective Management Organisations, Creativity and Cultural Diversity by John Street, Dave Laing and Simone Schroff of the University of East Anglia assesses the contribution to creativity offered by Collective Management Organisations (sometimes known as Collecting Societies, Authors Societies or Performing Rights Organisations). The authors concentrate on the music industry and in doing so examine the European Union’s attempt to reform the CMO in the name of creativity (among other goals), comparing the performance of CMOs in different national settings.
The authors argue that by pursuing these two routes, they can contribute to an understanding of the part played by public policy and institutional intermediaries in fostering creativity.
IP in the Creative Economy
CREATe, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
2-3 September 2015
Call for Extended Abstracts, Full Papers and Proposals for Themed Sessions will close on Wednesday, May 20, 2015. Please visit the conference website www.epip2015.org
CREATe, the RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, will host the 10th Annual Conference of the EPIP Association (European Policy for Intellectual Property) association in Glasgow, September 2-3, 2015. Scholars and practitioners interested in the economic, legal, political and managerial aspects of intellectual property rights are encouraged to attend the conference with or without scientific paper presentation.
EPIP 2015 is organised in cooperation with the European Commission who will participate in several panels.
The research team from CREATe’s new project at The University of Edinburgh on The Copyright Hub & Emergent Infrastructures for IP Trading explain their research goals. By comparing various emergent policy- and business-led initiatives in the creative economy, they attempt to capture, at an early stage, the constitution and evolution of new infrastructures designed to reduce the costs of securing licenses to use copyrighted works. The post was written by PhD candidate Hung The Nguyen.
The history of copyright can be traced back to the enactment of Statute of Anne in 1710, designed to incentivise writers. Much has changed in the world over the subsequent three hundred years. Nowadays, questions are raised over whether copyright and intellectual property (IP) are still able to provide the necessary incentives for creativity in a modern world or whether they have become outdated laws which obstruct innovation and economic growth.
Philip Schlesinger, Professor in Cultural Policy at the University of Glasgow, and Deputy Director of CREATe, reflects on a recent workshop held at the University of Glasgow.
I convened The Lateral Seminar, a one-day workshop, which took place on 16 March 2015, to push forward new thinking on CREATe’s socio-cultural research and to look for potential points of integration of research conducted to date.
CREATe understands law, and in particular copyright law, to be a key condition for cultural production. Current far-reaching change in the digital environment requires us to develop a new framework that permits a more integrated approach to CREATe’s diverse portfolio of work. That’s why we engaged in some lateral thinking.
Contributors on the day were Raymond Boyle (Glasgow), Martin Kretschmer (Glasgow), Angela McRobbie (Goldsmiths), Keith Negus (Goldsmiths), Burkhard Schafer (Edinburgh), John Street (UEA) and Robin Williams (Edinburgh).
Stimulated by short talks given by each of the participants, several emergent themes were discussed. In essence, the workshop’s red thread of argument went like this: it is now essential to regroup work deriving from CREATe’s first two years, irrespective of where it has been situated in the original thematic set-up; it is, furthermore, important to inform continuing work as far as possible with a new framework that effects more integration and therefore adds value to what has been done; and finally, there are topics that we can identify now that might inform the next phase of CREATe’s work.
CREATe’s Carolina Bandinelli and Angela McRobbie both from Goldsmiths, University of London summarise some findings from their work exploring how questions of Intellectual Property impact on the professional practices of designers and design teams within the fashion industry.
The Fashion Work Package for CREATe has focused on a number of intersecting questions. What is it like to embark on a small fashion enterprise in recent years? How do young designers actually create their own working environment as part of the process of establishing a name for themselves soon after they have graduated from a degree course? And in this context how do questions of IP and copyright impact on their everyday practice? We also wanted to open out the study to include three cities in Europe, i.e. London, Berlin and Milan, first to get a sense of how different urban environments and creative industry policies affected these small-scale enterprises and second and more significantly to see how in a European context the reality of the economic recession and wide-scale unemployment was pushing young creative graduates to invent careers for themselves. What we report below is an initial summary and comment on the Milan CREATe work.