International Society for the History and Theory of Intellectual Property
8th Annual Workshop
CREATe, University of Glasgow, UK
July 6-8, 2016
‘Intellectual Property and Resistance’
In 2016, ISHTIP comes to Scotland, the home of booksellers such as Alexander Donaldson who sought to resist the monopolistic practices of their established London-based rivals, in the so-called Battle of the Booksellers of the eighteenth century. The patriotic Scottish booksellers, newcomers to the trade, sold cheap reprints of books sold by the London booksellers, including those in which statutory copyright, under the Statute of Anne 1710, had expired. The London booksellers responded with a series of lawsuits culminating in Donaldson v. Becket (1774), relying inter alia on copyright at common law, against which the Scots resisted. As Donaldson expressed in petitioning the House of Commons in 1774: ‘your petitioner has had to struggle with the united force of almost all the eminent booksellers of London and Westminster… above one hundred of the most opulent booksellers… have in their turn, been plaintiffs against your petitioner’. The resulting cases and more general debate about the nature of literary property are today remembered as a historic occasion on which the nature of copyright, as well as the more general notion of property in intangibles, was fully debated.
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Delegates from the Korea Copyright Commission (KCC) led by Mr. Dae-Oh Kang, Director of the Copyright Deliberation & Research Team, visited CREATe on Wednesday 21 October 2015 to share creative industry research and policy initiatives from Korea and to explore current copyright concerns in the Western world. Potentially forming into an annual information exchange symposium, this was KCC’s second visit to CREATe, the first having taken place in 2014.
From left to right: Andrew McHugh, Sukhpreet Singh, Dae-Oh Kang (KCC), Martin Kretschmer, Ja-Young Yun (KCC), Kerry Patterson, Kris Erickson, Andrea Wallace.
The Korean delegation showed a marked interest in current CREATe work including initiatives such as ‘the value of public domain works‘, ‘the Copyright Evidence wiki‘, and ‘copyrightuser.org’. This included an offer of submitting Korean studies in the future for the Copyright Evidence wiki as well as publicizing the outreach and education work of ‘copyrightuser.org‘ in Korea. The visitors showcased some particularly enthusing copyright initiatives currently being spearheaded by KCC, including the Korean statutory licensing system for cultural goods as well as KCC’s push to act as a copyright exchange mechanism, encouraging copyright works to enter into a public domain or a shared economy.
An interesting piece of information disseminated was how the Korean government has a stated goal to have more than 10 million pieces of shared copyright works by 2017! This in turn is expected to allow cost savings to the tune of 3.6 trillion won (approx 2.5 bn gbp) by bringing down the cost of production (mainly licensing costs) of cultural goods and thereby giving a fillip to innovation and creativity.
Seems like there is much to learn from Korea!
The 2016 BILETA (British and Irish Law, Education and Technology Association) conference will be hosted by the University of Hertfordshire School of Law on 11-12 April 2016. A call for papers is now available from the conference website.
In addition, BILETA 2016 includes two exciting awards for PhD students:
BILETA PhD award
BILETA will award £100 to the winning postgraduate conference paper. To be eligible for the prize, a full paper must be submitted by the 25 March 2016. Papers should be e-mailed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Google PhD award
PhD students are invited to submit their papers and defend them in a separate PhD workshop to be considered for the Google Awards to the best postgraduate paper. To be eligible for the prize an abstract must be submitted by 11 January 2016 and a full paper must be submitted by the 11 March 2016. Papers should be e-mailed to email@example.com. Please note that papers may be submitted for both awards, notwithstanding the deadlines for individual awards. Please refer to the BILETA 2016 website for more information.
AIIP IV, the fourth international workshop on AI and IP, will be held in conjunction with the JURIX conference on AI and Law in Braga on the 9. December 2015
The workshop is supported by the RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy, CREATE and sponsored by TrademarkNow Ltd
Submission of extended abstract: 6. November 2015
Notification of acceptance: 11. November 2015
Abstracts of no more than 1000 words should be send to the workshop organiser, Burkhard Schafer, B.firstname.lastname@example.org. At least one author must register for the workshop.
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A scene from The Adventure of the Girl withe the Light Blue Hair depicts the two protagonists Sherlock and Watson as they discuss a mysterious case of copyright re-use.
An animated short film by Professor Ronan Deazley and CREATe researcher Bartolomeo Meletti, The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair is a finalist for the 2015 AHRC Research in Film Award, in the category of ‘Innovation in Film’.
The film was commissioned with AHRC funding by CREATe’s Copyright User project as a way to illustrate concepts such as remix, reuse and the public domain to school-aged learners and other creative users of copyright. A series of Case Files accompany the video and help to give context to the different uses of copyright referenced in the narrative.
Many of us in CREATe have viewed the film, and the response I have observed has been strikingly positive, particularly in light of our shared recognition of the challenge of communicating the complexities of copyright law to new communities of users and creators.
Jan Dalley, Arts Editor of the Financial Times, AHRC Council member and chair of the judging panel, said: “The quality of the films shortlisted is an indication of a great deal of creative, innovative and highly engaged work being undertaken within the arts and humanities research community. Our congratulations go to the makers of these films and to the many others whose films didn’t quite make the shortlists.”
The winners will be announced on November 12th at an award ceremony at the British Film Institute in London.
The full list of nominated films can be seen here.
For further details on EPIP2015 including full programme, click here.
Transcript & Video of Closing Keynote by Pamela Samuelson (Berkeley Law)
Please note: Prof. Samuelson’s keynote was accompanied by slides, which are referenced occasionally.
I want to start by saying thank you to Martin and to the CREATe team for a really outstanding conference. I think this is a marvellous event that you’ve put together. I go to a lot of conferences myself and I pretty rarely come away with this much content and things to think about and stimulating ideas. I’m sorry I didn’t get to go to everybody’s parallel session but, as you know, there was a lot of competition. Martin had this really interesting idea, which was that I’d listen to a whole bunch of talks and so forth and then try to wrap up. That’s a risky thing for him and an even riskier thing for me since he had confidence that I would do a good job. I’ll give it my best.
MEP Julia Reda addresses delegates of EPIP 2015 at the University of Glasgow on 2nd September. Photo credit Lukas Powroziewicz.
One the of the highlights of the recent EPIP 2015 conference in Glasgow was an opening keynote discussion by Professor Ian Hargreaves (Cardiff University) and MEP Julia Reda (Greens/EFA Group/Pirate Party), on the subject of copyright reform. For the 200 delegates in attendance, it was an opportunity to have a view ‘behind the curtain’ of two major efforts to re-assess copyright in the previous half decade. One of these was the Hargreaves Review of Intellectual Property, which led to publication of the ‘Digital Opportunity’ report in May 2011. The second was Julia Reda’s work as rapporteur of the European Parliament’s review of the 2001 EU Copyright Directive, which recently led to a draft report adopted by the European Parliament Plenary on 9th July 2015.
Both of these exercises have sought to improve copyright law by adapting it to the needs of current and future digital consumers and innovators, while also protecting the interests of creators. Although some of the specific issues addressed by each review are different, the broad approach of both has been similar: progress is measured in incremental steps which preserve the existing structure of copyright (for example the list of exceptions to copyright that EU Member States may adopt) without making major changes to the underlying legal framework (for example bold proposals such as a fair-use like right for consumers and innovators, or a change to existing copyright term).
In this blog post, I argue that researchers should critically examine the strategy of incremental change by generating and analysing empirical data about the effectiveness of recently introduced incremental reforms.
For further details on EPIP2015 including full programme, click here.
Transcript & Video of Opening Keynote by Prof. Ian Hargreaves
It is a great pleasure to be here in Glasgow at the first annual EPIP Conference to be held in the UK. The choice of location, I think, reflects great credit upon CREATe, which in I think less than three years has established itself as a stronghold of evidence based thinking about IP issues, and so embraced as well as interpreted the standards set by the Intellectual Property Office of producing work that is “clear, verifiable and able to be peer reviewed”.
Angela McRobbie, Professor of Communications at Goldsmiths, University of London reflects on the changing shape of the Fashion industry.
Photo credit: Sopopular, Berlin
Fashion, as we know, is almost synonymous with the capriciousness of taste, with ephemerality, with an ever-accelerating pace of products and items which can now be on the rails to suit customer needs, even when the weather does not correspond with the calendar of collections traditionally tied to the ‘seasons’. Not long ago a cold summer or a warm winter meant significant losses, this is no longer unsurmountable. The vast expansion of the infrastructure of production, on a global basis, with new locations for small and large factory manufacture opening up on a weekly basis, from Vietnam to Cambodia, from Turkey to Morocco, means that the sheer capacity correlates also with a speeded-up idea of change and ‘newness’ now signalled by upmarket labels as mid-season ranges. At the lower end of the market the new temporality of fast fashion brings cheap copies of haute couture looks to (mostly) young consumers thanks to fine-tuned production, distribution and retail processes such as those developed by Zara and H&M, with a lead time of three weeks from the ‘runway’ to the high street store. Underpinning all of these significant transformations of fashion’s consumer culture is the role of IT, social media, rapid transport and distribution and of course the exponential growth of e-commerce.