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Research Blog Series: Copyright at the Digital Margins

John Street presents UEA research on musicians’ attitudes to copyright, for the Research Blog Series Investigators: John Street and Tom Phillips, University of East Anglia Copyright is seen as central to how creative industries work. It is the means by which revenue is generated and creative people are rewarded. But what do those who are presumed to be the beneficiaries of copyright law actually think about copyright? Do they think about it all? And if they do, what do they understand by ‘copyright’? These were some of the questions that we sought to answer in our research into musicians’ attitudes to copyright. We wanted to know how and when copyright impinged on their creative lives, and whether their interest in copyright was … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: CopyrightUser.org

Copyright User’s Lead Producer Bartolomeo Meletti discusses the online copyright resource, for our Research Blog Series. Project: CopyrightUser.org Investigators: Bartolomeo Meletti, University of Glasgow (Lead Producer) Martin Kretschmer, University of Glasgow (Chair of the Editorial Board) Ronan Deazley, Queen’s University Belfast (General Editor, 2013-2016) Maurizio Borghi, Bournemouth University (Editor) Kris Erickson, University of Glasgow (Editor) Dinusha Mendis, Bournemouth University (Editor) Ruth Towse, Bournemouth University (Editor) What did your research aim to do? CopyrightUser.org intends to make UK copyright law accessible to everyone, with a view to helping creators make informed decisions and meaningfully participate in policy debates. How did you do it? In order to identify the knowledge needs of its audience and produce responsive guidance, the Copyright User research … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Economic Survival in Music Publishing

Ruth Towse discusses research into the effect of changes in copyright law on music publishers and song writers, for the Research Blog Series. Project: Economic survival in a long established creative industry: strategies, business models and copyright in music publishing Investigators: Ruth Towse and Maurizio Borghi (CIPPM, Bournemouth University) with Fiona Macmillan and Jose Bellido (Birkbeck College – Bellido later at Kent Law School) What did your research aim to do? Test for the effect of changes to copyright law/institutional arrangements on revenues for published music – publishers and song-writers. How did you do it? We did not ‘do it’ because data were not available that enabled the test to be applied. Instead, we looked at the historical development of … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Music Copyright in the Digital Age

Continuing our Research Blog Series, Kenny Barr describes his PhD research into the effects of the digital age on creators and investors in the UK music industry. Project: Music Copyright in the Digital Age Investigator: Kenny Barr (University of Glasgow) with supervisors Professor Martin Cloonan, Professor Martin Kretschmer and Professor Andreas Rahmatian (all University of Glasgow). What did your research aim to do? The research sought to interrogate emergent, but under-researched, responses to the ‘digital crisis’ facing stakeholders (creators and investors) in the UK music copyright industries. How did you do it? The research employed a mixed method approach of document analysis of contracts and royalty statements, combined with semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders: primary creators and key corporate decision-makers … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: The Politics, Culture & Aesthetics of Music Copyright

Kicking off the theme of Creative Practice and Copyright, this review of music copyright in the digital age, for the Research Blog Series, brings together research across three related work packages. Project: Understanding the politics, culture and aesthetics of musical copyright in the digital age Investigators: Adam Behr (Newcastle University), Keith Negus (Goldsmiths, University of London) and John Street (University of East Anglia) Copyright appears in one of two guises. It is either the backdrop to arguments about plagiarism – about how ‘Blurred Lines’ was stolen from Marvin Gaye, or about how Donald Trump is making (allegedly) illegitimate use of Adele and others to accompany his rallies. Or copyright is seen as central to the development of the digital economy … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Commercial Exploitation of Online Identity

Christina Emmanouil presents her research on the use by individuals of social networking sites for commercial purposes, for the Research Blog Series. Project:  Designing for the commercial exploitation of online identity. Investigators: Christina Emmanouil with Professor Derek McAuley, University of Nottingham What did your research aim to do? Develop knowledge about the self- presentation practices of individuals who use social networking sites for commercial purposes and highlight design opportunities that emerge in support of these practices. How did you do it? By focusing on a case study of book authors to conduct three empirical studies, an online survey, an online observation, and two co-design workshops. Authors were selected as they represent a professional group with the potential to fully operate within … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Valuing the Public Domain

Kris Erickson discusses CREATe research on understanding the value of the copyright public domain, for the Research Blog Series. Project: Valuing the Public Domain was a two-year knowledge exchange project jointly funded by ESRC (Grant ES/K008137/1), the UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO), and CREATe. The total funding was £104,000. Investigators: Lead Investigators were Kristofer Erickson (CREATe, now Leeds University) and Martin Kretschmer (CREATe, University of Glasgow) In addition, the project involved collaboration by Co-Investigators Dinusha Mendis (Bournemouth University), Paul Heald (University of Illinois) and Fabian Homberg (University of Southampton). The project employed a number of CREATe PhD student research assistants, who assisted with interviewing SMEs about their use of public domain materials and gathering data about the use of public … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Open Content Film making

Robin Williams reviews a University of Edinburgh project on Creative Commons and film making, for the Research Blog Series Project Name: Open Film: Open Source Investigators: PIs: Gian Marco Campagnolo and Robin Williams (University of Edinburgh). Research team: Evi Giannatou and James Stewart (University of Edinburgh) and Michael Franklin (Goldsmiths College, University of London). What did your research aim to do? The Open Film: Open Source study sought to resolve a controversy about the adoption of Creative Common (CC) licences in the film industry and its potential to establish open-content-film making (OCF) in a similar way to the success of Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS). How did you do it? We sought to exploit the detailed insights available from contemporary ethnographic study-informed … Continue reading

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Research Blog Series: Open Publishing

Continuing the Research Blog series, Estelle Dercleye presents her work exploring multiple aspects of open publishing. Project: Open publishing Investigators: Estelle Derclaye (PI); Giancarlo Frosio (postdoc) and Kenneth Wilson (doctoral researcher) University of Nottingham What did your research aim to do? This project examined the current trends, advantages, disadvantages, problems and solutions, opportunities and barriers in open publishing, and in particular open academic publishing How did you do it? Literature review, workshop and PhD thesis

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Research Blog Series: Crowdsourcing Orphan Works Clearance through EnDOW

Kris Erickson discusses orphan works and the EnDOW project for the Research Blog Series . Project: EnDOW: ‘Enhancing access to 20th Century cultural heritage through Distributed Orphan Works clearance’ Investigators: Lead Investigator: Professor Maurizio Borghi, Bournemouth University (Director of Centre for Intellectual Property & Policy Management), PI (Glasgow): Kristofer Erickson (now Leeds University) & Ronan Deazley (now Queen’s University Belfast), PI (Bocconi University): Lilla Montagnani, PI (IViR Amsterdam): Lucie Guibault (now Dalhousie University) In addition to the core research team, the project employs a number of PhD students and research assistants, who are assisting with tasks such as surveying the orphan works legislations of various Member States, compiling logic flowcharts and interviewing memory institutions about best practices.

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