Monthly Archives: July 2014

CREATe “All Hands” Conference, Glasgow, September 15 – 16th, 2014

CREATe’s first All Hands meeting took place in Glasgow on September 15th and 16th 2014. The venue was the Charles Rennie Mackintosh designed House for An Art Lover. The event, principally aimed at CREATe consortium members and associated projects, provided an opportunity to internally showcase our collective efforts, with some invited external inputs and perspectives. It proved to be enlightening, interesting, and fun.

Posted in News | Tagged | Comments Off on CREATe “All Hands” Conference, Glasgow, September 15 – 16th, 2014

Evidence quality in intellectual property research: A comparison with the medical sciences

By Steven J. Watson1,Piers Fleming2, Daniel J. Zizzo3

1 Department of Psychology and CREATe, Lancaster University, s.watson3@lancaster.ac.uk
2 School of Economics and CREATe, University of East Anglia, daniel.zizzo@ncl.ac.uk
3 School of Psychology and CREATe, University of East Anglia, p.fleming@uea.ac.uk

After the publication of our review exploring why people download copyrighted materials unlawfully and the impact of those downloads we were invited to contribute to this blog. This work was part of the RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy (CREATe) and one of the paper’s key contributions was to introduce a robust method for appraising evidence from the medical sciences. One of the common themes during the debate following the release of the paper was the difference in the types of evidence available in the medical sciences compared to the IP realm. This blog considers these issues with a focus upon the systematic review process.

Science, Evidence and Errors

The power of the scientific method is that it is self-correcting; we develop models of the world and then test these models empirically. However, the consequences of persisting with suboptimal models are greater in some fields than others, for example, in medical science an incorrect consensus can cost lives. A rigorous method was needed to describe the current body of evidence in a way that could challenge and correct widely held beliefs. Systematic review filled that need. Without systematic review human albumin (a blood product), which had been used in the treatment of blood loss and burns for over 50 years, would still be used today but we now know that it is not just ineffective, but dangerous1. This ability to overturn a practice that had been considered routine for half a century and literally save lives is why in medicine the systematic review is widely considered to be the highest quality of evidence available (see Figure 1).

systematic-reviews

Figure 1. The pyramid hierarchy of evidence in medicine, with the highest quality evidence for informing action at the top and the less reliable forms of evidence further down the pyramid.

Continue reading

Posted in CREATe Blog | Comments Off on Evidence quality in intellectual property research: A comparison with the medical sciences

The song remains the same? – Pop, plagiarism and professional pride

By Dr Adam Behr, Senior Research Associate at the University of East Anglia’s School of Political, Social and International Studies

Jimmy Page with Robert Plant 2 - Led Zeppelin - 1977

Copyright infringement is back in the mainstream news with high-profile stars Katy Perry and Led Zeppelin both facing accusations of theft. I don’t propose to enter into a forensic examination of the merits of these claims or a scrying exercise regarding their potential success or failure. I bring them up because they point towards a couple of features of production practice that are starting to emerge from research on the CREATe project, ‘Digitisation and the Politics of Copying in Popular Music Culture’ and about which I will say more after laying out some of the context.

Copyright is a key point of concern for the music and publishing industries and often focuses on piracy, particularly with regard to digital distribution (notwithstanding that legal streaming services such as Spotify are disrupting the market for legal downloads and look like they may have a similar effect on the illegal variety). But not all copyright infringements – or otherwise problematic instances of copying – revolve around the circulation of the finished product and this post concerns a type of infringement rooted earlier on in the production chain in terms of its legal visibility – during the process of creation, rather than the distribution where piracy tends to reside –namely ‘plagiarism’. Continue reading

Posted in CREATe Blog | Comments Off on The song remains the same? – Pop, plagiarism and professional pride

Project Officer: Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks

An opportunity for a Project Officer has arisen within the Library at the University of Glasgow on a CREATe project. The role is to undertake a rights clearance simulation on selected extracts from the Edwin Morgan scrapbooks for the RCUK-funded project: Copyright and Diligent Search: Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks, locating original rights-holders, and negotiating permission to make available their work as part of the digitisation process. Fuller details (job description, salary, organization chart, how to apply, etc.) are here (Vacancy reference: 008884) Closing date 10 August 2014.

Posted in Opportunities | Comments Off on Project Officer: Digitising the Edwin Morgan Scrapbooks

CopyrightUser.org Updated to Reflect Changes in UK Copyright Law

Post by Bartolomeo Meletti, Lead Producer of CopyrightUser.org [a co-production between CREATe and Bournemouth University] Copyrightuser.org has been updated in light of the changes to UK copyright law made on 1 June 2014. Learning from the difficulties encountered by other initiatives in the field of copyright education, the Copyright User project aims at keeping up with the evolving copyright landscape.

Posted in News | Comments Off on CopyrightUser.org Updated to Reflect Changes in UK Copyright Law

“Act early and strategically” — highlights from CREATe co-sponsored event for Design industry practitioners.

Act early and strategically — know the value of your Intellectual Property (IP), and the best way to protect it for your advantage. These were among the pearls of wisdom shared at Up Your IP, a seminar for Design industry practitioners recently in Edinburgh. Organised by ICC and Creative Scotland and co-sponsored by CREATe, the day was the first of a series that aims to improve awareness and action on IP for Creative Industry enterprises. The second event, on September 11 2014, will focus on IP for Theatre organisations, and a third event, on September 25, will address IP for Digital Creatives. In November, the partners will release a suite of guidebooks addressing IP in Scotland’s Creative Industries (for details … Continue reading

Posted in CREATe Blog | Comments Off on “Act early and strategically” — highlights from CREATe co-sponsored event for Design industry practitioners.

PhD Scholarship in Microeconomics of Innovation (CREATe & Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow)

[THIS SCHOLARSHIP VACANCY HAS NOW CLOSED] The Opportunity The RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy (CREATe – www.create.ac.uk) and Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow, invite applications for a PhD Scholarship in microeconomics of innovation. We are looking for strong empirical skills and a willingness to engage with, and contribute to, a novel, interdisciplinary research agenda relating to innovation in the creative economy. We are particularly interested in candidates who wish to develop their own research agenda in the economics of innovation, and are able to work imaginatively with a range of quantitative techniques. The successful candidate will become a member of both CREATe and the established research group in Microeconomics at the … Continue reading

Posted in Opportunities | Comments Off on PhD Scholarship in Microeconomics of Innovation (CREATe & Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow)

Lucas Lixinski’s “Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law”: A Book Review

The Kelvingrove Review has published a book review of Lucas Lixinski’s “Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law” in Issue 13, reviewed by CREATe Postgraduate Researcher Megan Rae Blakely. Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law by Lucas Lixinski tackles an emerging and highly relevant area of the law, and Lixinski approaches the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) in a highly engaging and analytical manner. ICH, broadly speaking, consists of living cultural practices passed from generation to generation, such as song, dance, traditional craftsmanship and other rituals. Due to the organic and perpetually evolving nature of ICH, legal and definitional challenges at all levels abound prove especially difficult to form legal protections while still allowing for living heritage to thrive.

Posted in News | Comments Off on Lucas Lixinski’s “Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law”: A Book Review